There are many kinds and forms of expression, and artistic expression is in some way a response to the need to communicate or express an idea or concept on the part of the artist, something that these individuals want to share with the rest of the world, beyond the response, reinterpretation, repercussion that the multiple recipients of any form of artistic expression have or do.
Many people believe that artistic expression is limited only to the plastic arts, but art is not limited to that alone, but to everything that serves to represent a concept, a style, a fictional character, a particular vision; in all cases with a background of being able to say something about the artistic environment.
Can be many and different, the ways in which it conceives and describes the art and the artistic creations in the society, so we have the vision that what poses as a form of language, as an act of communication of being; another point of view proposes the work of art as an object created with the only intention to generate aesthetic effects, linked with what is beautiful and pleasant; and a third way that conceives it as an act signifying that, in addition to communicate, conveys emotions through the image, music, word etc But to try to explain where they originate from, the inspirations, the creativity, or talk about the influence of the experiences and the personality of an individual in artistic expression –because every artistic creation is particular, unique and different than others, even so, arising, or represent the same-; it would leave in some way, without effect, the second concept –which recognizes art only for aesthetic purposes – because even if it has some kind of reception from the public in this sense, it is undeniable that inspiration, imagination and what the artist puts into the work, are neither arbitrary nor without meaning or reason.
As expressed in the book A play to play. The imaginary space, the creation, as a way of communicating, always involves the deepest of the human being.
The ability to create and break symbols, to blow up images, to create and recreate spaces of Fable and at the same time to feel the owner of so much creation, allows man to unearth and germinate the inner richness so deep, as only he who ventures into the magical game of the imaginary can do.
On this relationship between art and the psyche, Freud also focused much of his work. A childhood memory of Leonardo Da Vinci (Freud 1909), was one of his works where He Applied Psychoanalysis to the biographical study of this character. Freud explains the incredible creativity and plurality of interests of this man, as a hypertensive drive towards research, present since his childhood and reinforced by the sublimation of sexual drive. This configuration favors initially the development of the artist and then disrupts his ability to conclude his works.
Freud supposes the existence of the unconscious as a system that has contents, mechanisms and energy. These contents have been refused access to the conscious due to the effect of repression, because they are perceived as unacceptable or distressing to the subject and the society that surrounds them, they are representatives of the pulsions, which constantly seek to return to consciousness and action through some activity that disguises its origin. These activities, according to Freud, are usually artistic activity and intellectual research.
We could then say that it is the struggle of the unconscious that wants to go outside and become conscious; and the part of the subject that tries not to know anything about it; then resorting to the magic of aesthetics that, turns the intolerable into beautiful.
In the study of creativity, in order to understand the origin of artistic creation, it is important to consider this theoretical approach offered by psychoanalysis to extend the understanding that one has about the factors that can influence this capacity. It is a path of knowledge of the self, to seek in artistic creations, and in the interpretation of them, projections of the inner world of the creator of the work, with a whole personal mythology, product of the relationships established in his childhood history.